The American Wisdom Series

Pamphlet 1519
John chapter 19

You know that there is the True Son of God, Jesus, but there is also the false-christ, the instead-of-the-Son, or spurious messiah, who will come to earth claiming to be Jesus.

So when one says "spurious messiah" they are referring to the "Substitute Christ", the impersonator posing as Christ, the false Messiah, etc. Satan himself, who will soon be cast out of heaven (Rev. 12:7-9) to the earth with his angels. Paul explains in 2 Thes. 2 that when this son of perdition (the son who will perish) is "let go" he will sit in the temple of God, claiming to be God, claiming to be Jesus Christ!

2 Thes. 2:4
Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.
And the whole world will deceived by this supernatural impostor who will perform miracles in the sight of men. The point is, the world will choose him just as they chose Barabbas. So don't go with the crowd, stay with His Word!

Let's continue in John where Pilate is about to have Jesus illegally scourged, for as yet he has found no fault in Him, nor will he ever.

John 19:1
Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.
"The Romans used a scourge of cords or thongs, made more painful by various expedients which cruelty suggested. Pieces of lead or brass, or small, sharp-pointed bones, were attached to the lashes. ... Criminals condemned to crucifixion were ordinarily scourged before being executed. ... The victim was stripped to the waist, and bound in a stooping position, with the hands behind the back, to a post or pillar. The suffering under the lash was intense. The body was frightfully lacerated. The Christian martyrs at Smyrna about A.D. 155 were so torn with the scourges that their veins were laid bare, and the inner muscles and sinews, and even the bowels, were exposed (Eusebius, Hist. iv. 15). ("J.D. Davis Dictionary of the Bible", Fourth Edition, Baker Book House, pg. 688.)

The next time you take communion, following the solemn reading of Ps. 22, and you partake of the bread sacrament, remember the brutal stripes He took for us, the horrific scourging, and the words of Isaiah 53:5.

Isaiah 53:5
But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes we are healed.
And after suffering the excruciating agony of the scourging, He was then subjected to equally cruel humiliation.
John 19:22
And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe,
[3] And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.
And they mocked and spat upon the Son of God. Just wait until they die and see the King of kings and Lord of lords sitting at the right hand of the Father.
[4] Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.
Remember that Pilate really wants nothing to do with convicting this innocent man, and for more than one reason (don't forget about his wife's dream). It seems very consistent with his attempt to release Him that he had Jesus scourged, hoping that the Jews would have compassion on Him and be satisfied enough to let Him go.
[5]Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man!
So Pilate presented Jesus to them in this pitiable condition.

But NO! Behold the heart of the Kenites, the sons of Cain!

[6] When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him.
Imagine this scene! The chief priests, the religious leaders, supposedly God fearing men are yelling, "Crucify Him!" (Read Matthew 23:28-33)

Pilate has a real problem with this (like what decent person wouldn't?), so he says, "You take Him and crucify Him. I can't find anything wrong with Him at all!"

Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.
John 19:7
The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.
[8] When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;
At the mention of the supernatural, Pilate suddenly has an eerie feeling come over Him. Surely he has heard of the Lord's miracles, and his wife's adamant warning to have nothing to do with this affair flashes once again upon his mind, and never has he dealt with such a man as this one, Jesus, in all his life!

Back into the judgment hall he goes again! And he says to Jesus, probably with a lump in his throat as he looks in wonderment at Him, "Where do you come from?", as if to say, "Are you more than just a man?"

John 19:9
And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
Jesus gave no answer that the scriptures might be fulfilled:
Isaiah 53:7
He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
In a few hours Jesus will become the Passover Lamb.
John 19:10
Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?"

Do you realize who I am, and how much power I have?", says Pilate. If he only knew who he was speaking to, for Jesus will tell His disciples in Matthew 28:18 "...ALL power is given unto me in heaven and in earth." Now THAT'S POWER!

John 19:11
Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.
"He that delivered me unto thee" is not referring to Judas, for Judas delivered Him to the Sanhedrin. It was Caiaphas, the high priest, who delivered Jesus to Pilate, and is he ever in heap-big trouble!
[12] And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.
Jesus' perfect response to Pilate must have had an impact on him because he now tried real hard to set Jesus free, but the Jews kept on shouting, and then they brought the emperor Caesar into the picture. Hmmm, a few phone calls and e-mails (yeah, right!) to hot-head Caesar that Pontius Pilate was conspiring with another "king" and Judea would be waking up to a new Governor. Hey, this is how kenites operate, i.e. bribes, threats, blackmail, false witnesses, rumors, murder, whatever evil device works to obtain their objective. Anyway, Pilate knows this is very serious, so when he heard these words he went outside, taking Jesus with him, and sat upon the judgment seat in the place called the Pavement, an elevated tessellated, or mosaic stone platform [read: the seat of the little "rock", if you have eyes to see]. So Pilate is now upon the seat of judgment whereupon sentencing is passed.
[13] When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.
At this point Pilate has had about enough of this as has decided to yield to their demands.
[14] And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!
Pilate knew that those ironic words, "Behold your King", would "push their buttons", so to speak.

It should perhaps once again be clarified that the word "Jew" refers to either a resident of the country of Judea, or a descendent of Judah. Caipaphas and some of the scribes and Pharisees were Kenites, descendents of Cain, not descendents of Judah. (Review chapter 8 of John if you are still not clear on this.) However, because they were Judeans, they were called Jews. The reason this is so important is because it was not the Judahite Jews that were responsible for the crucifixion of Christ. It was the Kenites, the sons of Cain, who was himself the son of Satan. Here's the Strong's definition of "Jew".

Ioudaios, ee-oo-dah'-yos, Greek 2453; from Greek 2448 (Iouda) (in the sense of Greek 2455 (Ioudas) as a country); Jud'an, i.e. belonging to Jehudah :- Jew (-ess), of Jud'a.
So Pilate has the crowd crying "crucify Him, crucify Him" and he taunts them some more by saying, "Shall I crucify your King?"
John 19:15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.
The chief priests have well said they recognize no king, no higher authority than man, for they are ungodly men indeed!
[16] Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.
The trial of Jesus Christ before Pontius Pilate is now over and the religious community, spearheaded by Satan's own children of disobedience, have succeeded in their demands to have the Son of God sentenced to be crucified! Woe unto them!

Jesus will soon be nailed to the cross and finish that which He came to do at His first advent; to become the Passover Lamb, the perfect unblemished sacrifice for one and all time.

Jesus has been delivered by Pilate into the hands of the chief priests, led by the Roman appointed high priest Caiaphas, to be crucified as per their request, not by the sentencing of Rome. Pilate had already previously publicly washed his hands of the matter as it is written in Matthew 27:24.

Matthew 27:24
When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it.
The religious band of snakes and vipers said, "No problem, we will take full responsibility for His death!"
Matthew 27:25
Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.
Again, don't erroneously blame the crucifixion of Christ on the Jews of true Judah, for as we have documented previously, many of the scribes and Pharisees and chief priests were not of Abraham and not of Judah. The ones in charge were sons of Cain, i.e. Kenites. It was therefore Satan's children who were responsible for His death and not the children of God.

The time has now come for the Son of God to bear His cross.

John 19:17
And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
The word "Calvary" also means skull, so called because of the cranial shape of the rock or hillock. As Jesus walked up this hill toward His certain death, what do you suppose was on His mind? "Woe is Me?" Not a chance! He came to this earth for this very purpose of dying on the cross and He will drink every drop of the cup that His Father gave to Him. No, He was thinking about the final generation, yours and mine, "the generation of the Fig Tree". Listen to His words as He walks up the hill and the women are weeping and bewailing and lamenting Him:
Luke 23:28
But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children.
Can you imagine this? Jesus tells them not to weep for Him, but to weep for themselves! Why?
[29] For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck.
What "days are coming" is He talking about? The same days He was talking about in Matthew 24 concerning those days just before His second coming. You see, He's on His way to be crucified and "go away" for 2,000 years, and when He returns, He is expecting to marry a "VIRGIN BRIDE". But there will be another wedding before He gets here, when Satan as the spurious messiah sits in the Temple claiming to be the Bridegroom and most of us will LET HIM SEDUCE US.

So Jesus' words are a message for us TODAY, for "those days" are coming to our generation! Here's is what He told the disciples when they ask about "those days" just before His second coming:

Matthew 24:19
And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days!
How would you feel if you were engaged and went away for awhile only to return to find your "bride to be" (the so called Christian church) nursing a newborn baby (hers)  Would you be happy?

Note: Many preachers and other Biblically illiterate teachers have used these verses to scare and warn women that it might not be a good idea to get pregnant and have children in these last days. How stupid can some people be? Don't let them "screw you" out of having a family. Christ wasn't talking about natural child birth and breast feeding. It's an analogy. He was talking about the many so called Christians who will be spiritually inpregnated by Satan; believing him and falling for his lie, when he comes to earth claiming he is Christ!

Luke 23:30
Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.
Those who marry the false-christ, Satan, those women (and men) in the field taken first, will be so ashamed when the True Bridegroom returns that they will wish the mountains to fall on them! The EXACT same thing is recorded in Revelation concerning those who are deceived by the "Instead of Jesus" and don't make it; Those who don't endure until the end!
Rev. 6:16
And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:
Again, He won't be too happy with those who whore after Satan!
Luke 23:31
For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?
If they do these things, beat and crucify Him physically, while He is alive and the blood still flows through His limbs (hence a green tree), what shall they do in the dry, i.e. to the spiritual body, your soul! (You can read of the horrible "spiritual warfare" and devastation to the soul in the Book of Revelation.)
[32] And there were also two others, malefactors, led with him to be put to death.
Yes, He was walking to Golgotha and teaching along the way.
[33] And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.
After filling in some details, we now return to John's account.
John 19:18
Where they crucified him, and two others with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.
Remember that Jesus was crucified between these two malefactors. We will refer back to this when we get to verses 32 & 33.
[19] And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.
Pilate has really had his fill of these religious hypocrites, holy people who would demand the death of an innocent man. And even though he has conceded to their evil wishes, he goads them in irony.

First, he makes a big sign, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS, and places it where everyone would see it. (Remember Nazareth was a "low rent" district, so Pilate uses it in his description of the "Jew's King".) Not only that, he writes it in three different languages so as to be sure every passerby could read it.

[20] This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.
The Kenites were not too happy about this sign! Let's see if they can get Pilate to change it.
John 19:21
Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.
This sign really "bugged" them as I'm sure Pilate knew it would and he probably couldn't wait for them to make a comment about it.
[22] Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.
Pilate isn't about to change his sign for them.
[23] Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
Christ wore the seamless coat of a priest.
[24] They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.
We have seen the fulfillment of so many scriptures to this point in the Gospel of John, how could anyone doubt that the Bible is truly the Word of God? Man could not simply not have orchestrated all the events necessary to fulfill so many them so accurately.

Here's the scripture that was fulfilled in John 19:24, from the Psalm of the Crucifixion:

Psalm 22:18
They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
You know what is so amazing about this? There can be little doubt that Jesus taught this entire 22nd Psalm while hanging on the cross, and the thief, having heard the scriptures read before and now seeing them fulfilled with precision, did come to believe on Him that was paying the price right before his eyes.

Here's the commentary from the Companion Bible, pg. 1569, on verse 30:

"Of the seven sayings from the Cross, Matthew (27:46) and Mark (15:34) record one (Psalm 22:1); Luke three (23:34, 43, 46); and John three (vs. 26, 27, 28, 30). It is clear from Luke 23:44 that the promise to the malefactor was before the darkness. The words of Ps. 22: 1 were uttered at the beginning or during the course of the three hours' darkness. Probably the Lord repeated the whole of Ps. 22, which not only sets Him forth as the Sufferer, but also foretells the glory that is to follow. Perhaps other Scriptures also, as a terrible witness against the chief priests, who were present (Mark 15:3 & Luke 23:35), and must have heard."
After this the thief said to Yeshua:
Luke 23:42
And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.

[43] And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

Yes, any sinner, who knows he or she is a sinner, and who turns to Jesus with a repentant and believing heart, shall also be with Him in paradise. But as for that same religious group today, there is nothing new under the sun. They still cannot "hear" nor can they "see" the perfect words of Psalms 22 which describes the crucifixion in detail and documents beyond refute that Jesus was indeed the Messiah.

Jesus is hanging on the cross and the Roman soldiers have just finished dividing His garments among themselves and casting lots for His vesture, thus fulfilling the words of Psalms 22:18 and bringing them to pass exactly as they are written. Can you imagine the thief on the cross seeing this happen just after Christ had quoted the detailed prophecy concerning this in Psalm 22? Wow!

John 19:25
Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.
The only one of the disciples present at this time was John, the disciple whom Jesus loved. The others had all deserted Him at this, His final hour. John's mother, Salome, was also present (Mat. 27:56) with the other Mary's, though John does not mention her.
[26] When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!
As we learned in John 2:4 (see note on 2:4), the address of Jesus to His mother as "Woman" is actually one of high regard and proper respect, as you would expect from Christ. And yes, with her husband Joseph gone and now her Son dying on the cross, she would be alone. But the Lord makes provision for her to be taken care of and comforted when He is gone.

Now you would think that since Jesus knew He was going to be crucified that He would have made this kind of preparation well ahead of time, so there must be something else He wants us to see. On a deeper level then, for those with eyes to see and ears to hear, you can't help but also hear Him saying to the "Woman who brought forth the man child", "Woman [mother Israel], Behold your Son".

[27] Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.
Jesus now hands over, i.e. gives charge to John, the disciple whom Jesus loved, to take care His mother.

If you wish to see the care of the church [woman] now given into in the hands of the disciples, then see it, for so shall it be.

John 19:28
After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, "I thirst".
This is so incredible that it is a shame our teachers and ministers don't teach the full story of the miracle on the cross to our people. They continue to see only human flesh and so teach that He was merely thinking of Himself, His physical pain, when He said "I thirst". But I assure you He was NOT! He was thinking of the reason He came to dwell in the flesh, which was to pay the price as the sacrificial Passover Lamb and redeem the lost sinners. Yes, He was as ALWAYS unselfishly thinking of the children, which includes you and me!

You see, the Roman soldiers have finished casting lots for His coat (Ps. 22) and Jesus now knew that all of the scriptures pertaining to others have now been accomplished, exactly as they are written. So the time has finally come for the scriptures of the 69th Psalm to be fulfilled concerning the "Redeemer", for having now made provision for the woman, the time has now come to "redeem" her.

So just as Jesus quoted and taught the 22nd Psalm beginning with verse 1, "My God, My God, why has Thou forsaken Me.", He now quotes and teaches from the 69th Psalm, the "Psalm of Israel's Redemption", saying "I thirst" (Ps. 69:1, 21).

You should now pause and turn to the 69th Psalm and read it in its entirety. If you are fortunate to have a Companion Bible you will aided by the structures beginning on page 759. Here is a "cut" from the outline:


K |  vs. 1-21 Prayer
      vs. 22-29 Imprecation
        vs. 30-36 Praise   pg. 784

When you read the final verses of Praise (Ps. 69:30-36) you will find that just like Psalms 22 it ends with a prophecy concerning the "seed", who after having "served Him" in this final generation (Ps. 22) by declaring His Word, they shall inherit the glorious City of God (Ps. 69):

Psalm 22:30-31
A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.

[31] They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this.

Psalm 69:34
Let the heaven and earth praise him, the seas, and every thing that moveth therein.

[35] For God will save Zion, and will build the cities of Judah: that they may dwell there, and have it in possession.

[36] The seed also of his servants shall inherit it: and they that love His name shall dwell therein.

Yes, in His final moments just before He died Jesus was telling us that the "scripture must be fulfilled", of Psalms 69, when He said, "I thirst"! Read again John 19:28 "After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, "I thirst". It clearly says He said, "I thirst", in order to fulfill the scripture, the Word of God, NOT because He was thirsty! Do you see? I hope you do, for it is so beautiful and perfect, as He is!

Of course those who crucified Him, along with many of us today, "knew not" the Word of God, and so they suppose He cries for mere H2O. How sad, how truly sad indeed!

John 19:29
Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.
And so Psalm 69:21 is fulfilled, letting you know that the Redeemer is indeed Jesus Christ:
Psalm 69:21
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
And finally:
John 19:30
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, "It is finished": and He bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
The final words from the lips of Yeshua Messiah are the final words from the 22nd Psalm, which is Hebrew translates to "It is finished".

Notice that the Savior, our Redeemer, did NOT die and then His head dropped forward.

(Please read slowly:) He willingly.... and unselfishly.... and lovingly.... "bowed His head".... and laid down His life for you and me.

John 19:31
The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
The Feast of Unleavened (an high day, i.e. an annual Sabbath day) begins at sunset on the 15th day of the first month, 15th Nisan. Now can you believe that these hateful, murderous, Kenites, want to have the bodies taken down from the crosses before sunset, so they are not hanging there on their sabbath. It's OK to murder, but not to break the sabbath laws!

So they go to Pilate and ask that the legs of the "criminals" be broken to help them die faster! Nice people.

[32] Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him.
We are not going to go into a detailed study about those crucified along side Jesus. However, if you have a Companion Bible and would like the details, read appendix 164 concerning "The 'Others' Crucified with the Lord". You will find that there were "two" crucified on either side of Him, two thieves and two malefactors.  Two went to Calvary with Him and two were later brought. Thus explains how it is that the soldiers passed by "two" before they came to Jesus.
[33] But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:

[34] But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.

Behold once again the miraculous fulfillment of scriptures!
John 19:35
And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe.

It happen EXACTLY that way, and EXACTLY as it was written, so that "Ye might believe". How can anyone deny that Jesus is the Christ?

[36] For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.
Jesus was the Passover Lamb, and according to the law not one bone of the Passover Lamb was to be broken:
Exodus 12:43-46
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: ...

[46] In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.

Amazing, isn't it?
John 19:37
And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
His side was pierced (Zech. 12:10) and His hands and feet were pierced (Ps. 22:16).
[38] And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.
Joseph of Arimathaea was an uncle to Mary and therefore to Jesus, and by Roman law, as next of kin, was able to boldly (Mark 15:43) request the body of Christ for burial. So Pilate gave it to him.
[39] And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight.

[40] Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

"The mixed and pulverized myrrh and aloes shaken into folds, and the entire body, thus swathed, wrapt in an outer covering of "clean linen cloth" (Mat. 27:59)" (Jamieson, Fausset and Brown)
John 19:41
Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid.
This was Joseph of Arimathaea's tomb.
Matthew 27:59
And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth,

[60] And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.

John 19:42
There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.

Jesus is now in the tomb, "where never a man yet laid", and more scriptures are being fulfilled even as the great stone is being rolled to the door. Is Jesus really dead, or just His flesh? Find out in the chapter 20.

To study the Bible is the noblest of all pursuits; to understand it, the highest of all goals.
We pray that with the guidance of the Holy Spirit, you accomplish both.

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